Excavation Survey

Cultureal Property Investigation, and Research Center

Buried Cultural Property

Buried cultural property is cultural assets buried underground or under water.
The investigation of buried cultural property is divided into ground survey and excavation survey, and the ground survey is to investigate the status of distribution of remainswithout any damage to the original shape while the excavation survey is to dig the ground or to plow through the water to get the relics.

Process of Excavation Survey

  • Apply

    An application for an excavation survey must be submitted to related local governments and Cultural Heritage Administration, and the cost shall be taken care of by the party who is authorized by the Administrator of Cultural Heritage Administration or the related construction operator. However, the excavation cost of construction work that is followed by an order of the President can be aided by the country or local government within the budget.

  • Complete

    Within 20 days of the completion of the investigation, details such as the status of excavated relics and opinions on the survey must be rep-orted to heads of local governments in the region and the Administrator of Cultural Heritage Administration.

  • Conservation

    Depending on the findings of survey and if the excavated cultural property has a great historical, artistic, and academic value, the Administr-ator of Cultural Heritage Administration can order to preserve the original shape or to restore the previous look after deliberation by the Cou-ncil of Cultural Heritage Administration, and the party who has been ordered to follow and heads of related local governments can submit th-eir concerns in this regard.

  • Report

    A report of excavation findings must be submitted to the Administrator of Cultural Heritage Administration within two years of the completion date of investigation on the buried cultural property, and the deadline may be extended within two years if there is a need for a long-term study of excavated relics or other appropriate reasons.

Types of Excavation Survey

Ground Survey

Ground Survey

It determines the distribution of buried cultural property through confirming relics and ruins that are exposed on the ground
(It includes literature and site surveys on the history, folklore, and natural environments)

Excavation Survey

Excavation Survey

If there is a high chance that the buried cultural property exists after the ground su-rvey, the excavation survey is conducted by the investigating entity of buried cultural property, and it is divided into trial digging survey and detailed excavation survey.

  • Trial Digging Survey
    The excavation survey is carried out in the range of 10-20% of construction area of buried cultural property
  • Detailed Excavation Survey
    Full-scale investigation on the distribution area of buried cultural property after confirming through the Trial Digging Survey
    It removes the soil to the depth of occupation layer and the detailed survey is conducted on confirmed relics and remains.
    * Occupation Layer: a layer of remains left by a single culture, from which the culture can be dated or identified.
Cultural Property, Research Excavation Survey(Trial Digging Survey → Detailed Excavation Survey), Ground Survey

Consultation Survey

When a minimum check for the relics is needed although the possibility of the existence of buried relics is low due to damaged and disturbed areas, buried culturalproperty experts visit the construction site and directly check the possible excavation of the buried cultural property.
(Consultation Survey is conducted by related local governments without approval of Cultural Heritage Administration)